We continue to publish materials of landscape architect Karina Solodovnikova. In this article, a specialist with many years of experience will talk about the rules and subtleties of designing a garden design.
Hello, dear readers of the portal ""!
My name is Karina Solodovnikova, I am a landscape architect, director of the Novosibirsk company "Easy Summer", which develops projects for plots throughout Russia. I have been engaged in landscape design since 2010, and managed to take part in many interesting and complex projects: we created parks, planted recreation centers in Altai, developed landscaping and landscaping of the whole block ... on the roof!
In the last article, we learned how to analyze the site, and today we’ll talk about the design, or rather, the search for landscape forms and garden design.
It's hard to believe, but we already did 50% of the work last time. Let's see what happened:
The location of the sites we know. How will we move between all these zones?
Landscape Design Basics
We look at the movement paths:
Great, this site turned out to be easy! He himself dictates his forms to us! The main compositional axis defines the movement from the garage to the house, from home to the gazebo, from the gazebo to the sports area. This layout allows you to:
- Set the dynamics and visually increase the area
- Save paving by aligning paths with the blind area
- Visually combine, "collect" all the scattered pieces of the site into one
This is what the preliminary sketch of the site looks like. Of course, the details will be clarified, and the paving area is likely to decrease (for reasons of economy), but the sketch can already be shown to the customer - does he like such a composite solution? After receiving approval and comments, we refine the details. On well-viewed places we place flower beds:
How to make a garden a beautiful place to relax?
The most difficult task of any designer and architect is not to get bogged down in details, not to overload the project. For some reason, landscape designers are especially fond of excesses. "And let's draw more circular tracks!" they think, and without any logic, they overload the site with unnecessary winding pedestrian paths. Maybe they believe that this way the project will look more beautiful and harmonious? This is a big mistake.
Such a technique is good in large areas where the look goes into the distance, and the natural bends of the tracks are combined with the view of natural landscapes. Look at the plans of old estates - the entrance, limited area area has always been pitched in a regular style - wide comfortable walkways, symmetrical alleys; and behind the building began a sprawling park in a natural, landscape style. No one forced guests on the way to the house to mince along narrow curved paths.
Harmony - in accordance with the design decision of the existing territory and facilities. The famous English designer John Brooks in his book "Garden Design" on a simple diagram clearly showed what happens when the designer does not see the site and does not understand it:
On the left - you feel harmony, peace, proportionality, but on the right ... do you recognize? This is what most gardens look like when designed by incompetent landscape designers. If you have a small plot, imagine this is an apartment. In an apartment, every square meter is used rationally - rectangles of tables, squares of stools. In a small kitchen in Khrushchev’s, you don’t put a round dining table. In the same way, everything should be rational and harmonious on the site.
Let's see examples of a good solution for a small site. As you can see, in one case, the designer still uses curved shapes. If you really want to - you can! But very neat.
And here is our solution for a small area:
In order to find the "rhythm" of the garden, John Brooks recommends using modular grids, that is, divide the area into squares, and draw basic lines along them and arrange the objects in accordance with the grid cells. This is how to draw on tracing paper and whether to write on a sheet in a cell - it turns out smoothly and accurately. The size of the square should be tied to the main elements of the house - if you have a large house, do not grind.
Landscaping of the site
An example below is grid design. The entrance area is more compact, there the grid cell is small. Behind the house begins a sprawling garden, the net becomes larger. You see, what a neat, organic and beautiful plan turned out? Nice to see, comfortable walking.
So, let's draw conclusions. When designing a site, do not forget three important things:
- Highlight the main thing. Find the main ways and directions, they themselves will prompt the design of the site.
- Remember proportionality and harmony. Small area - neat design. Get rid of excess.
- The modular grid will help you find rhythm and harmony.
Next time we’ll talk in more detail about the planning of large areas - parks, squares, landscaping of residential areas.
Landscape design is a science, and science is complex. If you don’t have the patience to comprehend it, and you want to have a beautiful garden already this season, contact us! The company "Easy Summer" develops projects remotely, for all regions of Russia. And if you live in Novosibirsk, you can always sign up for courses and master classes with us.