Tibetan raspberry is an exotic guest from Japan, which in recent years has gained popularity among landscape designers and lovers of unusual fruits. The biological name of this species is raspberry strawberry. Straight stems of this species are completely covered with small, very sharp spikes, and their height is 50 cm or more.
The leaf blades of the Tibetan raspberries are oblong, their width narrower than that of ordinary subspecies of the berry. The surface of dark green leaves is rough, the edge is finely serrated. There are also small spiny thorns on them, which, when harvested, can cause injuries - long-term non-healing scratches and injections.
Of particular decorative value are strawberry raspberry flowers located on the tops of the shoots. Five-petalled large baskets reach 4 cm in diameter, and the color of the petals varies from pure white to cream. Closer to autumn, large coral multi-seedlings with a diameter of 5 cm appear on the spot of flowers. When ripe, when they are easily separated from the stem, the berries acquire a sweet and sour taste, while simply reddened have neither taste nor aroma.
Use in landscape design
Strawberry raspberries won positive reviews not only among amateur gardeners, but also among landscape designers. This culture perfectly fulfills the role of a living fence, as its thickets are a continuous impenetrable wall dotted with thorns. Even small animals cannot get through it.
Tibetan raspberries look good among coniferous thickets, it is also suitable for framing areas in the garden or garden. This plant also feels great on the slopes. In addition to decorating them, strawberry raspberries are used to strengthen sliding soil, as its root system is notable for its high growth strength and strength.
Tibetan raspberry planting
Having planted strawberry raspberries on their site, the gardener may not worry about its propagation. This species has a tendency to excessive distribution of root offspring. Often, it crowds out other cultures, inhibiting their growth. To prevent this from happening, it is worth taking care of the underground fence. It is necessary to build it in the year of planting the bushes on its site from sheets of slate or other material impervious to roots, dug them to a depth of at least 40-50 cm.
Tibetan raspberries: features of the variety
Planting Tibetan raspberries on the site is recommended by the ordinary method: in a row, the distance between the bushes should be at least 15 cm, between the rows - from 30 cm or more. In general, there are several methods of reproduction.
The process is best done in the fall, after picking the fruit. They dig a plant and cut the rhizome into several parts, making sure that each segment contains at least one kidney. Planting material is placed in a pit, the size of which should be larger than the rhizome itself. Adult stems present on the rhizome are cut off, leaving hemp no more than 3 cm high.
For this method of reproduction, adult (over 5 years old) bushes are suitable. Around them there is usually a plentiful young shoot, which is dug with a sharp shovel and planted in pits. The best time to take planting material is autumn. However, in urgent need, you can do this in the spring, before the raspberries start to grow. Plant seedlings in a fairly spacious planting pits.
Division of adult bushes
Adults, over 5 years old, divide the bushes at the root neck with a sharp shovel. Each segment is planted in a prepared hole. It is better to propagate raspberries with this method in the fall, but spring transplantation is also acceptable.
This method is called by gardeners not the most reliable and very inconvenient in terms of wasting time and effort.
- Seeds are selected from overripe berries, gently crushing them and leaving the resulting slurry for 2-3 days. During this time, the seed coat softens.
- After washing the pulp in a strainer under a stream of water, select the seeds and dry them.
- Then they are placed in plates with moistened sand or soil light mixture to a depth of not more than 2-3 mm and put in the refrigerator.
- After about a month, the containers are taken out into the room.
- With constant maintenance of humidity and temperature not lower than +15 degrees after 2-4 weeks, seedlings appear.
Strawberry raspberries absolutely does not tolerate waterlogging or waterlogging of the soil. Small hills and slopes with a slope of 15 degrees are ideal for her. When planting on a personal plot, it is recommended to choose well-lit places with fertile loose soil. If there is a likelihood of water flooding or stagnation, it is better to create a drainage layer or grooves for water drainage, and make the beds elevated (no more than 30 cm in height).
"Neighbors" do not play a role in the life of strawberry raspberries. The strength of its growth is so great that it easily displaces weeds and cultivated plants (including even such malicious invaders as horseradish and dung).
Strawberry raspberries are not picky in their care. Generally, its agricultural technology is not much different from raspberries familiar to all gardeners. Watering, weeding and fertilizing is all that Tibetan raspberries need.
Features of watering
Strawberry raspberries need daily watering with plenty of fluids. The minimum amount of water for one bush is 10 liters. In rainy weather, you can not water it at all, but in drought, in addition to soil moisture, practice sprinkling.
Fertilizers for strawberry raspberries are applied in the spring, immediately after the snow melts on moist soil. The first top dressing is carried out with ammonium sulfate granules. Autumn top dressing with potassium sulfide. It is not necessary to breed fertilizers with water. It is enough to sprinkle them in the root zone of plants and cover with mulch from chopped peat, well-rotted manure or compost.
Despite the high frost resistance, reviews of almost all gardeners contain indications of the need for special preparation of strawberry raspberries for winter. It’s not necessary to build complex shelters, however you need to cut all the shoots, including annuals, leaving hemp no more than 4-5 cm. After that strawberry raspberries are covered with spruce branches or sprinkled with soil.
Diseases and pests of strawberry raspberries
Tibetan, or strawberry, raspberries have the same growing problems as regular garden raspberries. Numerous reviews of this culture mention the following pests and diseases:
- raspberry-strawberry weevil;
- raspberry beetle;
- root cancer;
- spotting and chlorosis.
Measures to combat them are no different from those that are used to eliminate problems with ordinary garden raspberries. Most pests are exterminated by treatment with DDT, Karbofos, or Detoil's solution. They fight diseases with a solution of copper sulfate or a Bordeaux mixture, or sick plants are uprooted, and healthy ones are transplanted to a new place.
You can avoid the occurrence of any problems with strawberry raspberries by observing the standards of agricultural technology of this culture. Waterlogging, stagnation of air or lack of weeding and top dressing can lead to infection of bushes with pests, fungal or viral diseases.
Tibetan raspberry berries: how to use
The fruiting of strawberry raspberries lasts from the end of July until the frosts. Large fresh large fruits do not have a pronounced aroma, and taste just sour. However, when cooking jams and jellies from them, a very unusual aroma appears. Such raspberries are delicious and fresh - grated with sugar, seasoned with sweet yogurt or in the form of mashed potatoes with cottage cheese.
In Europe, Tibetan raspberries are used to make vegetable salads, seasoned with olive oil, salt and pepper. Despite the apparent lack of flavor combination, such dishes are distinguished by unusually fresh tastes.
How to grow raspberries
Unlike garden and forest raspberries, strawberries do not have any healing properties. It is good exclusively for designing a garden design, as well as for use in cooking.