Cirrus cloves refers to perennials. Initially, this flower was brought from the mountainous regions of Western Europe, later breeders bred many varieties and hybrids. Thanks to this, flowers of various shapes, lengths, with a rich base of color shades appeared. They are distinguished by the absence or presence of smell, the size of fluffy buds. Cirrus cloves are grown in gardens on open flowerbeds, in greenhouses and in flower pots on window sills. To get these interesting, long unfading flowers, it is enough to adhere to some simple rules and then the plants will delight with their lush flowering for many years.
Preparing the soil for planting
Cirrus cloves, the cultivation of which is available even to novice gardeners, requires special soil and a landing site. These flowers grow better in sunny places. They do not withstand excess moisture, but tolerate dry weather very well. Cloves need to be grown on fertilized soil, because this plant loves high-quality nutrition. The soil can be either neutral or sandy, loamy or peaty.
Growing cloves on heavy soils with high acidity will be almost impossible. The only way to make such a land suitable for flower growth is to introduce dolomite flour, peat or river sand into it. In any case, it will not be possible to correct the situation radically in this way. Cloves will grow on acidic soil, but their flowering and buds themselves will be much more modest than other flowers grown on suitable soil.
If pinnate clove is planted on the site, its cultivation should begin with fertilizing the soil with organic and mineral fertilizers. After the plant ceases to bloom (autumn period), the beds need to be dug up and a little manure added.
Growing and propagating cloves
In the carnation flower, cirrus cultivation from seeds occurs after the end of frost, when the soil warms up enough. This is best done in late April or early May, depending on weather conditions. Seeds hatch quickly enough from the ground. After about 10 days after germination, the clove must be peeled. The distance between the bushes should be at least 25 cm, since the feathery clove is prone to overgrowth and soon it will need the entire allotted area.
For plant propagation, several methods are used:
- using seeds;
- division of the bush;
- using layering.
Clove flower has feathery seed cultivation - the procedure is not at all complicated. The seeds of flowers are sown in open, well-fertilized soil, then dive, and by the middle of summer you can see beautiful, blooming buds. PSince the plant is perennial, next year the flowers will sprout on their own in even greater numbers (with good care).
How to plant a feathery clove
Cloves can be grown by cuttings, this will preserve the maternal qualities of the plant. To propagate cloves, it is better to take the top or main shoots. It is better to do this in mid-summer, cutting off cuttings with a length of at least 8 cm. The top can be removed before planting, the lower part of the stem is also cut at an oblique angle. Excess leaves located in the lower part break off as unnecessary.
Initially, the cuttings are planted in special containers with previously prepared soil. The roots of the plant will appear after a couple of weeks, after which they can be planted on an open flowerbed or in flower pots. Since the plant is a repair plant, that is, it can bloom all year round, before the onset of frost, the container with a bush must be removed to a suitable room, where watering will be performed as the soil dries. In early May, cloves can be taken out in pots or planted in open ground.
A good way to propagate cloves is to divide the bush. You need to do this in mid-spring, which will allow you to enjoy lush flowering already in speed after planting. Small processes and old bushes that are already weakened and produce small and rare buds are not suitable for dividing. Such a plant is better to throw away and replace it with a new, strong seedling.
A long stalk of cloves with cirrus allows the plant to propagate by layering. To do this, make an incision on the stem, bend it and attach it to the ground, sprinkling layering with soil. With daily watering, the stem will let out new roots after 14 days.
Cirrus cloves are unpretentious to growing, the main thing is to fertilize and water on time, avoiding excess moisture. An interesting feature of flowers is their negative effect on weeds. Unlike cultivated plants that do not tolerate bad neighborhood with weeds, pinnate cloves themselves cope with them, growing and clogging the growth of unwanted neighbors. Weed weeds need only near young shoots.
When the plant ceases to bloom, dried buds must be cut off, while shortening the stem itself by half.
This technique will make it possible later to make the carnation bush lush, and the buds themselves - large and beautiful.
Clove is a frost-resistant plant, so you do not need to cover it for the winter. She calmly endures the biggest frosts, for which she is loved by the inhabitants of the northern regions. As for pests, they are not scary for cloves, because this plant is quite stable and hardened. If you grow it in greenhouse conditions, you need to take care of plant protection, because such flowers are more susceptible to infection by viruses and fungi.
Initially, you should protect the soil from excess moisture, which contributes to the appearance of fungal infection. It appears on the stems and leaves in the form of white spots. You can save the plant by treating the clove with a fungicide. If the infection is viral in nature, then this technique will not help, and you need to remove the affected sprouts so that healthy plants do not die from them.
Cirrus cloves: variety features
With proper care, the carnation will soon turn the flowerbed into a bright and beautiful meadow, especially if you combine several types of plants in one garden.