Nectarine is a popular type of peach and is characterized by a smooth skin similar to a garden plum. This fruit belongs to the order Rosaceae from the family Pink and was the result of the usual mutation that occurred as a result of the self-pollination of a peach tree. A significant amount of nectarines grow in the Mediterranean countries, including the territory of the former Yugoslavia, as well as Italy, Cyprus, Greece and Tunisia.
A solid, but very tender and juicy fruit is rich in vitamins A and C and is used fresh, as well as for the preparation of desserts, jams or canned stewed fruit. In recent years, breeders have obtained winter-hardy varieties that can be grown in the North Caucasus and in the Volgograd region.
Choosing a landing place
Proper planting of nectarine provides for the selection of a spacious and well-lit area. Nectarines are photophilous and undemanding to soil conditions, but they grow and develop best on deep, fairly well-aerated soils.
The most suitable places, from the point of view of the botanical features of the fruit culture, are areas with sandy loamy and loamy nutrient soils. Such types of soil are characterized by sufficient moisture, but are not prone to waterlogging, which is very important for the root system of nectarine. It should be remembered that saline soils are completely unsuitable for fruiting trees of this species, on which there is a marked inhibition of the plant and it is possible to grow a full-fledged tree.
When choosing a place for landing, it is necessary to take into account the increased requirements of this fruit crop for climatic indicators:
- cold air masses should not stagnate at the landing site;
- the site should not have significant shading;
- for planting nectarine, it is desirable to distinguish the southwestern or southern part of the infield;
- the depth of groundwater should be approximately 1-1.5 meters;
- the standard distance from nectarine to other garden plantings should be more than 3-3.5 m.
A very good performance is shown by planting fruit stands on the south side of capital buildings on a site indented from the foundation base of at least one and a half or two meters, which will not interfere with caring for plants at all stages of growth and development. It is this method of planting that is best suited to form a fan-type crown.
How to grow nectarines at home
It is not always that gardeners have the opportunity to allocate the most optimal plot for all indicators for planting nectarine. In this case, it is necessary to conduct a better pre-planting preparation of the existing territory.
The simplest and most reliable way to assess the suitability of the soil in the area for nectarine cultivation is to monitor the condition of nearby fruit and berry plantings, which should have a healthy appearance and dark green leaves. If there are plants with a depressed appearance, weak growths, foliage with yellowness and shredding on the plot, insufficient indicators of soil fertility can be assumed, which requires measures to improve it.
The complex of measures to improve the fertility indicators of almost any type of soil includes the regular application of organic fertilizers and disintegrants. Traditionally, sand is used to loosen heavy soils. Important and such a characteristic as the mechanical composition of the soil - the ratio of mineral and organic components. In the autumn period, well-rotted manure should be introduced into the landing area, as well as a deep digging of the soil and its cultivation.
|Soil type||Signs||Features||Improvement Activities|
|Heavy clay||In the process of digging, large lumps with a dense structure are formed||High density, adhesion and tendency to swim, low breathability||The introduction of coarse sand, ash, peat and lime. Quality improvement with manure, bird droppings and compost|
|Loamy soils||Characterized by a granular lumpy structure||High water absorption and good breathability||Regular application of organic fertilizers in the form of compost and manure during the autumn digging of the site|
|Sandy soil||They are characterized by a loose, loose, with a sufficient grain structure||Increased water absorption and breathability with low biological qualities||Systematic application of peat, drill clay, silt, compost and high-quality humus to the soil|
|Sandy soil||Easy to dig, moisturize well and absorb moisture when watering||High rates of breathability, water absorption and good ability not only to absorb, but also to maintain moisture||Systematic application of peat and manure, as well as minerals and compost during spring or autumn digging of the site|
Planting a seedling
For planting, seedlings should be chosen at the age of one or two years. More mature fruit plants do not take root well. To plant the purchased nectarine seedlings in accordance with all the rules and in accordance with the established technology, The following recommendations should be followed:
- in the planting pit you need to fill the fertile planting mixture, then you should install the seedling on the soil low mound, carefully distributing the root system over it;
- the root neck of the planted plant must be located approximately 3-5 cm above the edges of the planting pit;
- shaking the seedling, it is necessary to fill the entire planting hole with the soil mixture and lightly compact the soil in the near-stem circle;
- on the edges of the pit it is recommended to form a low earthen roller for the convenience of irrigation activities.
Regardless of weather conditions and soil moisture indicators, after planting, plants are irrigated based on a pair of buckets of water for each seedling.
Germinating nectarine from the bone is not at all difficult. The seed for planting should be extracted from the latest and most mature fruits of nectarine. It is recommended that the bones washed from the pulp be placed for several days in a dry but well-ventilated place and only then soaked. As a rule, soaking is carried out for a week with the obligatory daily replacement of water with fresh water, after which it can be planted in standard flower soil.
Emerging shoots are not at all demanding in care. It is necessary to carry out systematic irrigation, but not to allow overmoistening of the soil. The grown plants in the spring are transplanted to a permanent place in the open ground. It should be remembered that the fruit plant grown from seed does not always correspond to the expected varietal characteristics.
After reading the corresponding article on our portal, you can also familiarize yourself with the technology of growing peaches from pits.
The agricultural technique for growing nectarine is basically similar to the cultivation of other fruit stones, but it is advisable to take into account some features of caring for this crop.
|Event||Technology and Features|
|Watering||Highly located root system of nectarine needs abundant and fairly regular watering|
|Top dressing||In spring, nitrogen-based fertilizers are used as fertilizers. Also, the plant is responsive to organics.|
|Crown formation||It is recommended to form a plant in the form of a short bush, as well as to carry out the removal of weak and growing inward branches|
|Crop rationing||All extra generative kidneys are subject to removal, and as a result of rationing, no more than five ovaries should fall on one link|
How nectarine differs from peach
The main enemies of nectarine are powdery mildew, aphids, and curly leaves and lesions by claustosporiosis are often observed. To protect plants in the early spring period, copper-based fungicides are sprayed twice with an interval of ten days. The same treatment is carried out in the autumn, before massive leaf fall. Proper care of the plant allows you to get a fruiting plant three years after planting.